The shoulder joint is a highly mobile joint that connects the upper arm bone (humerus) to the shoulder blade (scapula). It is a ball-and-socket joint, allowing for a wide range of motion and facilitating movements in multiple directions.
To enhance stability, the shoulder joint incorporates several supporting structures. The joint capsule is a strong fibrous envelope that surrounds the joint providing stability and lubricates the joint. Ligaments reinforce the joint by connecting the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff encircles the joint and plays a crucial role in stabilizing and rotating the shoulder. Muscles around the shoulder joint contribute to its movements. Thanks to its structure and supporting components, the shoulder joint allows for a wide range of movements, making it one of the most flexible joints in the human body. However, this flexibility also makes the shoulder prone to certain injuries, such as dislocation, rotator cuff tears, and instability, which may require medical attention and rehabilitation.
It may hurt for many reasons, from injury and overuse to chronic conditions or diseases. You can injure your shoulder by performing manual labor, playing sports, or even by repetitive movement. Certain diseases can bring about pain that travels to the shoulder which include diseases of the cervical spine (neck), as well as liver, heart, or gallbladder disease. You’re more likely to have problems with your shoulder as you grow older as the soft tissues surrounding the shoulder tend to degenerate with age.
The most prevalent cause of shoulder pain is due to issues in the rotator cuff (Torn, Swollen etc). Sometimes shoulder pain is the result of injury to another location in your body, usually the neck or biceps.
Other causes of shoulder pain include:
Specific symptoms of shoulder pain experienced may vary depending on the underlying cause. It's important to note that these symptoms are general in nature and a proper diagnosis is crucial for determining the underlying cause of shoulder pain and developing an appropriate treatment plan. Some common symptoms associated with shoulder pain include:
The treatment options for shoulder pain depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Here are some common approaches to managing shoulder pain: