Shoulder Arthritis


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Shoulder arthritis is a condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the shoulder joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion. It is typically a result of wear and tear on the joint over time, although it can also be caused by other factors such as previous shoulder injuries or certain autoimmune conditions.

Ankle problems that may need surgery include:
  • Fractured ankle.
  • Arthritis that causes pain and immobility.
  • Chronic ankle instability from multiple sprains or other causes.
  • Deformity of the ankle.
  • Chronic tendonitis/synovitis of the ankle.
Hip replacement

Causes & Symptoms

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There are different types of arthritis that can affect the shoulder joint and what causes to each are:

  • Osteoarthritis: This is the most common type of arthritis and occurs due to the natural aging process or repetitive use of the joint.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of the joint, causing inflammation and damage.
  • Post-traumatic arthritis: This type of arthritis can develop after a shoulder injury, such as a fracture or dislocation.

The symptoms of shoulder arthritis can vary but commonly include:

  • Pain in the shoulder joint, especially with movement or weight-bearing activities.
  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion in the shoulder.
  • Swelling and tenderness around the joint.
  • Weakness in the shoulder muscles.

Diagnosis and Treatment

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To diagnose shoulder arthritis, a thorough evaluation will be required which may include the following steps:

  • Inquiries on Medical History
  • Physical Examination
  • Imaging Tests like X-rays & MRI scans
  • Lab Tests

The treatment of shoulder arthritis aims to relieve pain, improve joint function, and enhance quality of life. The specific treatment options will depend on factors such as the severity of arthritis, individual preferences, and the patient's overall health.

Non-Surgical Treatments:
  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or analgesics can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can develop an exercise program to strengthen the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint, improve flexibility, and enhance range of motion.
  • Assistive Devices: Using assistive devices like braces, slings, or supports can provide stability and relieve stress on the joint.
  • Heat or Cold Therapy: Applying heat or cold packs to the shoulder can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Modifying activities or work habits that strain the shoulder joint can help minimize symptoms and prevent further damage.
Surgical Interventions::
  • Arthroscopy: In some cases, arthroscopic surgery may be performed to remove loose fragments of cartilage or bone, smooth rough joint surfaces, or repair damaged tissues.
  • Joint Replacement: If shoulder arthritis is severe and conservative measures are ineffective, joint replacement surgery may be considered. This involves removing the damaged parts of the shoulder joint and replacing them with artificial components.