Joint Realignment Surgery


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Knee joint realignment surgery, also known as osteotomy, is a surgical procedure performed to correct misalignment or malformation of the knee joint. It involves cutting and repositioning the bones of the knee to redistribute forces and improve the alignment of the joint.

Joint Realignment Surgery ? Diagnosis And Treatment

When is the surgery suggested

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Knee joint realignment surgery may be recommended for individuals with conditions such as:

  • Varus or Valgus Deformity: Varus deformity refers to an inward angulation of the knee joint, causing the leg to appear "bow-legged." Valgus deformity, on the other hand, refers to an outward angulation of the knee joint, leading to a "knock-kneed" appearance.
  • Unicompartmental Knee Osteoarthritis: In cases where knee osteoarthritis affects only one compartment of the knee joint, a realignment surgery may be performed to shift the load-bearing forces away from the damaged area and onto healthier parts of the joint.
  • Patellofemoral Instability: Patellofemoral instability occurs when the kneecap (patella) is not properly aligned with the femur.

Diagnosis and Treatment

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The specific technique used in knee joint realignment surgery will depend on the individual's condition and the desired outcome. Here is a general overview of the procedure:

  • Knee joint realignment surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the procedure.
  • Several small incisions are made around the knee to access the bones. Minimally invasive techniques may be employed to reduce tissue damage and promote quicker recovery.
  • The bones of the knee are carefully cut and repositioned to correct the misalignment. This may involve removing a wedge of bone (opening wedge osteotomy) or making a controlled break and realigning the bones (closing wedge osteotomy).
  • Once the bones are repositioned, they are stabilized with screws, plates, or other fixation devices to maintain the corrected alignment during the healing process.

Post operative care

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After the procedure, the incisions are closed, and the knee may be wrapped with a bandage or brace for support. Rehabilitation and physical therapy will be initiated to promote healing, restore range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the knee.