Hip Arthroscopy


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Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat various hip joint conditions. It involves using a small camera, called an arthroscope, and specialized instruments to access and visualize the interior of the hip joint.

Should you opt for hip arthroscopy

Hip arthroscopy can help diagnose and assess various hip conditions, such as labral tears, hip impingement, loose bodies, cartilage damage, synovitis, and ligamentum teres injuries. Compared to traditional open hip surgery, hip arthroscopy offers several advantages, including smaller incisions, reduced soft tissue damage, less pain, quicker recovery, and potentially shorter hospital stays.

Hip Arthroscopy ? Diagnosis And Treatment

When is it suggested?

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Hip arthroscopy may be suggested by an orthopedic surgeon in the following situations:

  • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI): Hip arthroscopy can be recommended to treat FAI by reshaping the bones to alleviate impingement and addressing any associated labral tears or cartilage damage.
  • Labral tears can occur due to injury, repetitive motions, or structural abnormalities. Hip arthroscopy can be used to repair or remove the torn labrum and restore hip joint function.
  • Loose bodies refer to fragments of bone or cartilage that become detached within the hip joint.Hip arthroscopy can be used to remove loose bodies and address any associated damage.
  • Hip arthroscopy can be performed to remove inflamed synovial tissue and alleviate symptoms.
  • In some cases of hip joint infections, hip arthroscopy can be used as a diagnostic tool to assess the extent of infection and guide subsequent treatment
  • Hip arthroscopy can also be used as a diagnostic tool to identify the source of hip joint pain when the cause is unclear

Diagnosis and Treatment

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Here is an overview of the surgical procedure:

  • Anesthesia: Hip arthroscopy is typically performed under general anesthesia,
  • Incisions: Several small incisions, typically around 1 cm in length, are made around the hip joint. These incisions serve as portals for the insertion of the arthroscope and surgical instruments.
  • Arthroscopic Examination: the arthroscope, a thin tube with a camera and light source at the tip is inserted through one of the incisions into the hip joint. This allows one to visualize the interior of the joint on a monitor, assessing the condition of the bones, cartilage, labrum, and other structures.
  • Surgical Procedures: Once the joint is visualized, various procedures can be performed using specialized instruments inserted through the other incisions. The specific procedures will depend on the underlying condition being treated.

Post operative care

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Following hip arthroscopy, you will be taken to the recovery area. Depending on the specific procedures performed and your individual case, you may need to use crutches for a period of time. Physical therapy and a rehabilitation program will be initiated to help restore strength, range of motion, and function to the hip joint.